Most investors in the Australian share market have had an opportunity to participate in a Share Purchase Plan (SPP). Companies offer Share Purchase Plans to raise capital. Often it can be to fund a new acquisition. A Share Purchase Plan is an offer to existing shareholders to purchase further shares. This is usually at a discounted price to what the stock is trading on the market.
Why do companies offer share purchase plans?
These Share Purchase Plans are usually a way for companies to raise capital for a new project without having to take up debt.
What are types of share purchase plans?
There are two types of share purchase plans – a renounceable and non-renounceable.
Non-renounceable means eligible shareholders cannot transfer their rights to new shares under the offer. This means they cannot go and sell their entitled shares to a third party ie selling it on the stock market. A renounceable offer is one where the investor is able to transfer their rights. Those who do usually sell those rights on market to realise the value that is inherent in the offer (usually because the offer is less than the current share price).
Share purchase plans are offers directly from the company so no third-party intermediary is involved.
Share purchase plans are usually offered at a discount of the market price of the share to entice investors to participate.
This method of capital raising is cheaper for companies as they do not need to issue a prospectus.
Companies may decide to initiate a share purchase plan as they may not want to take on more debt. Further debt may increase interest payments and this may reduce net earnings.
All investors are offered the same maximum amount of shares to take up so whether you have a holding of 20,000 shares or 10 shares, you are still offered the same amount. This is not a fair distribution of shares within shareholders. It can be an advantage if you are small shareholder, but a disadvantage if you are a large one.
If the share purchase plan is very popular then it may be scaled back. This means that shareholders will only receive a fraction of their initial offer.
Shareholders will not know if they will receive the full number of shares that they apply for at the time of application. This is all dependant on the demand in the market. Shareholders may receive less than applied for due to an over subscription. Conversely, the share purchase plan might not eventuate at all if not enough shareholders apply.
Can’t Sell on the Market if Non-Renounceable:
If the share purchase plan is non-renounceable then shareholders can’t sell their entitled shares on the market. As investors are not obligated to take part, if they do not take up the offer then it will just lapse.
If a shareholder does not take up the rights issue they run the risk of their shareholding being diluted as extra shares have been issued to existing shareholders.
Should you take up the share purchase plan?
Whether to take up a share purchase plan needs to be evaluated on an individual company basis. Most share purchase plans are offered at a discount but investors need to determine whether this new acquisition will increase the earnings capacity for the company. If the company is fundamentally sound and the new project looks like it will add value to the company, then taking up entitled shares in the share purchase plan could be a good idea.
Lauren Hua is a private client adviser at Fairmont Equities.
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